Lord, every day we celebrate our redemption from the slavery of sin.
Read DEUTERONOMY 16
16 Observe the month of Aviv and celebrate the Passover of the Lord your God, because in the month of Aviv he brought you out of Egypt by night. 2 Sacrifice as the Passover to the Lord your God an animal from your flock or herd at the place the Lord will choose as a dwelling for his Name. 3 Do not eat it with bread made with yeast, but for seven days eat unleavened bread, the bread of affliction, because you left Egypt in haste—so that all the days of your life you may remember the time of your departure from Egypt. 4 Let no yeast be found in your possession in all your land for seven days. Do not let any of the meat you sacrifice on the evening of the first day remain until morning.
5 You must not sacrifice the Passover in any town the Lord your God gives you 6 except in the place he will choose as a dwelling for his Name. There you must sacrifice the Passover in the evening, when the sun goes down, on the anniversary[a] of your departure from Egypt. 7 Roast it and eat it at the place the Lord your God will choose. Then in the morning return to your tents. 8 For six days eat unleavened bread and on the seventh day hold an assembly to the Lord your God and do no work.
The Festival of Weeks
9 Count off seven weeks from the time you begin to put the sickle to the standing grain. 10 Then celebrate the Festival of Weeks to the Lord your God by giving a freewill offering in proportion to the blessings the Lord your God has given you. 11 And rejoice before the Lord your God at the place he will choose as a dwelling for his Name—you, your sons and daughters, your male and female servants, the Levites in your towns, and the foreigners, the fatherless and the widows living among you. 12 Remember that you were slaves in Egypt, and follow carefully these decrees.
The Festival of Tabernacles
13 Celebrate the Festival of Tabernacles for seven days after you have gathered the produce of your threshing floor and your winepress. 14 Be joyful at your festival—you, your sons and daughters, your male and female servants, and the Levites, the foreigners, the fatherless and the widows who live in your towns. 15 For seven days celebrate the festival to the Lord your God at the place the Lord will choose. For the Lord your God will bless you in all your harvest and in all the work of your hands, and your joy will be complete.
16 Three times a year all your men must appear before the Lord your God at the place he will choose: at the Festival of Unleavened Bread, the Festival of Weeks and the Festival of Tabernacles. No one should appear before the Lord empty-handed: 17 Each of you must bring a gift in proportion to the way the Lord your God has blessed you.
18 Appoint judges and officials for each of your tribes in every town the Lord your God is giving you, and they shall judge the people fairly. 19 Do not pervert justice or show partiality. Do not accept a bribe, for a bribe blinds the eyes of the wise and twists the words of the innocent. 20 Follow justice and justice alone, so that you may live and possess the land the Lord your God is giving you.
Worshiping Other Gods
21 Do not set up any wooden Asherah pole beside the altar you build to the Lord your God, 22 and do not erect a sacred stone, for these the Lord your God hates.
a Deuteronomy 16:6 Or down, at the time of day
New International Version (NIV)
Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV® Copyright ©1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide.
Think about anniversaries you celebrate. Why, and how, do you celebrate? How do these celebrations enrich your life and relationships?
The three main Jewish feasts—Unleavened Bread, Weeks, Tabernacles (16)—are linked to the Exodus event, in which God’s people experienced his great power to deliver them from slavery, as well as his ability to provide for them throughout the wilderness years. The Exodus was Israel’s defining moment. Just as a wedding anniversary both commemorates the inauguration of the marriage covenant and celebrates the couple’s ongoing love-relationship, these feasts commemorate the birth of a nation and celebrate the relationship between God and his covenant people.
Forgetfulness of God frequently leads to idolatry, against which stern warnings are issued (21,22). The way to avoid forgetfulness is planned and purposeful remembering. Increasingly these days, God is being removed from our public squares. Moses, in contrast, weaves remembrance of God into the very fabric of everyday life, taking existing agricultural festivals and investing them with new meaning. The carefully detailed instructions focus on making the observance of these feasts both meaningful and memorable (2,3,5–8,10,15a). Yet, these are not mere ritual observances but rather an expression, an experience, and also an enjoyment of the people’s covenant relationships—with God, and with one another.
While the festivals promise blessing, they also impose demands. The people must journey to the place that God dictates (6,11,15,16), setting aside their work and setting apart extended time for him. They are to gather as a community (11,14), not just in solemn commemoration but also to “celebrate” (1,10,13) and rejoice (11,14). Grateful remembrance of God’s deliverance and provision must also give rise to willing and generous giving (10,17).
We have our own festival of remembrance, the Lord’s Supper, which Jesus instituted (Luke 22:14–20). How does your preparation and participation in this celebration compare with what you’ve read today?
Lord, teach us the value of giving to others and to the spread of Your kingdom here on earth, as You continue to provide the means for us to do so.
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