ADVICE GIVEN AND REJECTED
Thank you, God for the gift of this day. Use your Word and inspire me to walk closely with you in it.
Read 2 SAMUEL 17
17 Ahithophel said to Absalom, “I would[a] choose twelve thousand men and set out tonight in pursuit of David. 2 I would attack him while he is weary and weak. I would strike him with terror, and then all the people with him will flee. I would strike down only the king 3 and bring all the people back to you. The death of the man you seek will mean the return of all; all the people will be unharmed.” 4 This plan seemed good to Absalom and to all the elders of Israel.
5 But Absalom said, “Summon also Hushai the Arkite, so we can hear what he has to say as well.” 6 When Hushai came to him, Absalom said, “Ahithophel has given this advice. Should we do what he says? If not, give us your opinion.”
7 Hushai replied to Absalom, “The advice Ahithophel has given is not good this time. 8 You know your father and his men; they are fighters, and as fierce as a wild bear robbed of her cubs. Besides, your father is an experienced fighter; he will not spend the night with the troops. 9 Even now, he is hidden in a cave or some other place. If he should attack your troops first,[b] whoever hears about it will say, ‘There has been a slaughter among the troops who follow Absalom.’ 10 Then even the bravest soldier, whose heart is like the heart of a lion, will melt with fear, for all Israel knows that your father is a fighter and that those with him are brave.
11 “So I advise you: Let all Israel, from Dan to Beersheba—as numerous as the sand on the seashore—be gathered to you, with you yourself leading them into battle. 12 Then we will attack him wherever he may be found, and we will fall on him as dew settles on the ground. Neither he nor any of his men will be left alive. 13 If he withdraws into a city, then all Israel will bring ropes to that city, and we will drag it down to the valley until not so much as a pebble is left.”
14 Absalom and all the men of Israel said, “The advice of Hushai the Arkite is better than that of Ahithophel.” For the Lord had determined to frustrate the good advice of Ahithophel in order to bring disaster on Absalom.
15 Hushai told Zadok and Abiathar, the priests, “Ahithophel has advised Absalom and the elders of Israel to do such and such, but I have advised them to do so and so. 16 Now send a message at once and tell David, ‘Do not spend the night at the fords in the wilderness; cross over without fail, or the king and all the people with him will be swallowed up.’”
17 Jonathan and Ahimaaz were staying at En Rogel. A female servant was to go and inform them, and they were to go and tell King David, for they could not risk being seen entering the city. 18 But a young man saw them and told Absalom. So the two of them left at once and went to the house of a man in Bahurim. He had a well in his courtyard, and they climbed down into it. 19 His wife took a covering and spread it out over the opening of the well and scattered grain over it. No one knew anything about it.
20 When Absalom’s men came to the woman at the house, they asked, “Where are Ahimaaz and Jonathan?”
The woman answered them, “They crossed over the brook.”[c] The men searched but found no one, so they returned to Jerusalem.
21 After they had gone, the two climbed out of the well and went to inform King David. They said to him, “Set out and cross the river at once; Ahithophel has advised such and such against you.” 22 So David and all the people with him set out and crossed the Jordan. By daybreak, no one was left who had not crossed the Jordan.
23 When Ahithophel saw that his advice had not been followed, he saddled his donkey and set out for his house in his hometown. He put his house in order and then hanged himself. So he died and was buried in his father’s tomb.
24 David went to Mahanaim, and Absalom crossed the Jordan with all the men of Israel. 25 Absalom had appointed Amasa over the army in place of Joab. Amasa was the son of Jether,[d] an Ishmaelite[e] who had married Abigail,[f] the daughter of Nahash and sister of Zeruiah the mother of Joab. 26 The Israelites and Absalom camped in the land of Gilead.
27 When David came to Mahanaim, Shobi son of Nahash from Rabbah of the Ammonites, and Makir son of Ammiel from Lo Debar, and Barzillai the Gileadite from Rogelim 28 brought bedding and bowls and articles of pottery. They also brought wheat and barley, flour and roasted grain, beans and lentils,[g] 29 honey and curds, sheep, and cheese from cows’ milk for David and his people to eat. For they said, “The people have become exhausted and hungry and thirsty in the wilderness.”
- 2 Samuel 17:1 Or Let me
- 2 Samuel 17:9 Or When some of the men fall at the first attack
- 2 Samuel 17:20 Or “They passed by the sheep pen toward the water.”
- 2 Samuel 17:25 Hebrew Ithra, a variant of Jether
- 2 Samuel 17:25 Some Septuagint manuscripts (see also 1 Chron. 2:17); Hebrew and other Septuagint manuscripts Israelite
- 2 Samuel 17:25 Hebrew Abigal, a variant of Abigail
- 2 Samuel 17:28 Most Septuagint manuscripts and Syriac; Hebrew lentils, and roasted grain
New International Version (NIV)Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV® Copyright ©1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide.
‘When Apollos wanted to go to Achaia, the believers encouraged him … When he arrived, he was a great help to those who by grace had believed.’1
I expect that you, like me, know people who constantly ask for advice and listen to everyone, but only stop asking when advice given corresponds to what they wanted to do anyway! We all need advice, but choosing good advisors, willing both to affirm and challenge us, is vital. Ahithophel and Hushai, two close advisors of David,2 both came to advise Absalom. Hushai was there as a spy, but why Ahithophel deserted David is not as clear. It is possible he was Bathsheba’s grandfather (both his son and Bathsheba’s father were called Eliam,3 a name not occurring elsewhere). If so, perhaps he had always felt resentful – another instance of David’s earlier conduct having lasting consequences. Absalom had already taken Ahithophel’s advice to assert dominance over David by sleeping with his concubines – Absalom’s concern for his sister Tamar is not matched by any concern for these poor women. Neither Absalom nor David come out well in their use of women as power trophies, but that is not the writer’s main concern here.
Ahithophel’s good advice to catch David while on the run and unprepared was rejected in favor of Hushai’s counsel to wait and prepare well. Knowing that this would lead to Absalom’s defeat and the likelihood that he would be executed, we have the sad addendum that Ahithophel, being a responsible man, sorted out all his affairs and hanged himself. The campaign ended just as he predicted. The inclusion of Hushai’s ambiguous comment that he will remain with ‘the one chosen by the Lord’4 perhaps indicates the writer’s conviction that despite Absalom’s gifts and David’s deficiencies, it was David, not Absalom who was God’s chosen leader. David’s prayer that Ahithophel’s advice be spurned5 was answered by God (v 14). Absalom had apparently not thought that consulting God was necessary!
Think about whom you ask for advice, why you trust them, and whether, or how, consulting God comes into the picture.
Lord God, I need your guidance – not only to seek you, but to follow where you lead me.
1 Acts 18:27, TNIV 2 1 Chr 27:33 3 2 Sam 11:3; 23:34 4 2 Sam 16:18 5 2 Sam 15:31
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